mytouristmaps.com: travel and tourist maps, tips and utilities

mytouristmaps.com: travel and tourist maps, tips and utilities

Northern Ireland's Peace Walls, U.K.

peace walls, Belfast
Peace Wall in Cupar Way, Belfast

Some of the Northern Ireland's neighbourhoods are still divided by walls: the Peace Walls (or Peace Lines) separate the nationalists/Catholics/Irish from the loyalists/Protestants/British people.

Most of them are in Belfast, others are also existing in Portadown, Derry and Lurgan, with a total length of around 34 km; some of them have gates which are opened only during daylight.

The walls were initially built as a temporary structure to avoid the violence episodes; the first peace line is dating back to 1969 in Belfast after the riot that had involved nationalists, loyalists and police that caused more than 150 homes destroyed, almost two thousand families evacuated, 8 killed and more than 700 injured people.

The number of the walls have raised from less than 20 in the early 1990s to more than one hundred nowadays; there was also an increase after the Irish-British Good Friday Agreement of the 10th April 1998.

According to the public local opinion, the walls are still necessary to maintain the peace and avoid the violence in those areas: the majority of the people still think that more time is needed to change the mentality that has caused lots of conflicts in the past.

In September 2017, the Northern Ireland Department of Justice published its Interface Programme, which intention is removing all the structures by 2023.

Reading the messages of thousands of people marked on the Peace Walls, it is evident that the thought of the people, with or without walls, is still aimed at peace.

Lough Tay, Ireland


The Lough Tay, located in the Wicklow Mountains, about 50 km south from Dublin, is also known as the Guinness Lake due to his shape and colours.

The white sandy beach on the northern coast makes the Guinness foam. The brown colour of the water close to the beach (due to the water coming from the streams that rise on peat covered uplands) complete the incredible visual similarity to the famous Irish pint.

You can see the lake from the R759 scenic route, or if you want a better view from the top, take the walking trail towards the Luggala mountain (accessible from the R115 -- the best scenic drive in the Wicklow mountains) or the Djouce mountain, one of the most spectacular walks in the Wicklow Mountains, from which you can see the whole Dublin bay and, on a clear sky day, also the Welsh coastline.

The Lough Tay beach was choosen in the 2013 as the set for the village of Kattegat in the Vikings tv series .

Portugal interactive tourist map


In November 2018 Rodrigo Koxa has established the new Guinness World Record for the biggest wave ever surfed (24,38 meters high) in Nazarè: just one of the stunning places of Portugal like the capital Lisbona, Porto, Sintra or the Algarve's beaches, among the most beautiful in Europe.

The Douro valley, with is famous scenic railway and the centre-north-western mountains complete the picture of this beautiful country on the border between Europe and the Atlantic Ocean.

Portugal interactive tourist map

Impact Craters on Earth

Impact craters on earth are difficult to preserve, due to the continuous remodelling of the earth's crust by orogenesis, plate tectonics and atmospheric agents.

There are around 180 recognizable impact craters on earth, of which about 60 are now buried under sediments, a considerably lower number, for example, compared to the 360.000 craters on Mars or the 7.000 on the moon.
This thanks to the shield made by the earth's dense atmosphere.

Some of them have caused catastrophes, such as the meteorite that carved the Chicxulub crater in Mexico: according to the theory currently accepted by the scientific community postulated by the physicist Luis Álvarez and his son geologist Walter Álvarez, is widely thought to have caused 65 million years ago the end of the dinosaurs due to a tsunami and dust emissions which totally covered the earth's surface a cloud of dust for many years.

Others have instead brought wealth as the Popigai crater in Russia, whose impact transformed graphite into diamonds within about 13 km radius.

List of the biggest impact craters on earth:

1. Vredefort Dome, South Africa: 160 km diameter, 2.02 billion years old.
2. Chicxulub crater, Mexico: 150 km diameter, 65 million years old. 
3. Sudbury crater, Canada: 130 km diameter, 1.85 billion years old.
4. Popigai crater, Russia: 100 km diameter, 35 million years old. 
5. Manicouagan crater, Canada: 100 km diameter, 214 million years old.
6. Acraman crater, Australia: 90 km diameter, 580 million years old.
7. Chesapeake Bay crater, USA: 85 km diameter, 35 million years old.
8. Morokweng crater, South Africa: 70 km diameter, 145 million years old.
9. Kara crater, Russia: 65 km diameter, 70 million years old.
10. Beaverhead crater, USA: 60 km diameter, 600 million years old.

Wikimedia map link

Well preserved impact craters on earth:

Aouelloul crater, Mauritania
3,1 million years old, 390 m diameter, 53 m depth.

Aouelloul crater
© Digital Globe - Google Earth

Tenoumer crater, Mauritania
30.000 years old, 1,9 km diameter, 100 m depth.

Tenoumer crater
Credit: NASA image created by Jesse Allen, using data provided courtesy of NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team.

The Roter Kamm crater, Namibia
5 million years old, 2,5 km diameter, 130 m depth.

The Roter Kamm crater
Credit: NASA image

Lonar crater lake, India
50.000 years old, 1,2 km diameter, 137 m depth.

Lonar crater lake, India

Monturaqui crater, Chile
One million years old, 460 m diameter, 34 m depth.

Monturaqui crater, Chile

Gosses Bluff crater, Australia
142 million years old, 6 km diameter, 180 m depth.

Gosses Bluff crater, Australia

Pingualuit crater, Canada
1,4 million years old, 3,44 km diameter, 270 m depth.

Pingualuit crater, Canada
Credit: NASA image

Amguid crater, Algeria
100.000 years old, 450 m diameter, 30 m depth.

Amguid crater, Algeria

Wolfe Creek crater, Australia
300.000 years old, 875 m diameter, 25 m depth.

Wolfe Creek crater, Australia
Credit: NASA image

Barringer crater, USA
40.000 years old, 1,2 km diameter, 170 m depth.